Therapeutic Applications of Botulinum Neurotoxin for Autonomic Symptoms in Parkinson’s Disease: An Updated Review

Therapeutic Applications of Botulinum Neurotoxin for Autonomic Symptoms in Parkinson’s Disease: An Updated Review
Toxins (Basel). 2021 Mar 19;13(3):226. doi: 10.3390/toxins13030226.ABSTRACTParkinson's disease is the most common age-related motoric neurodegenerative disease. In addition to the cardinal motor symptoms of tremor, rigidity, bradykinesia, and postural instability, there are numerous non-motor symptoms as well. Among the non-motor symptoms, autonomic nervous system dysfunction is common. Autonomic symptoms associated with Parkinson's disease include sialorrhea, hyperhidrosis, gastrointestinal dysfunction, and urinary ... read more
Source: PubMedPublished on 2021-04-03By Steven D Mitchell