March 31, 2019 – Parkinson’s Weekly Update

This is a recap of the most interesting news and discussions related to Parkinson’s Disease this past week.

Blame it on the Parkinson'sWe start by looking ahead to Parkinson’s Disease Awareness which starts on Monday by revisiting the funniest (and most relatable) Parkinson’s Disease awareness video of all time. We then realize that we may be personally too aware of PD, so we take a look at awareness months for other diseases and health issues. Next up we try to avoid the big gun debate while reporting on an intriguing case study of “gun therapy” for Parkinson’s; a hip-hop dance demonstration inspires one of the dancers to investigate repurposing a wearable designed for entertainment to help improve gait in PD patients; Fox Foundation commits $1 million to help a company build a PET tracer that can better map brain inflammation for future clinical trials; dolphins are developing Alzheimer’s in Florida; milk may increase Parkinson’s risk; dance therapy in Memphis; and rethinking music therapy.

    1. Parkinson’s Disease Awareness Month starts Monday, April 1. As April 1 is traditionally a day of laughs, I propose kicking off your PD awareness experience with the best and funniest (and most relatable) Parkinson’s Disease awareness video of all time, Mitch Faile’s “Blame it on the Parkinson’s”: https://parkinson.fit/blame-it-on-the-parkinsons/
    2. Who decides which disease or cause can lay claim to a month as its’ month of awareness? How did Parkinson’s Disease get April? It’s not that I don’t believe that PD deserves an awareness month, or that April doesn’t work for me. My issue is that I feel like a hypocrite. I am so aware of Parkinson’s Disease, that I have been completely unaware of awareness months for any other diseases or causes in the past year. Therefore, I think there is no better way for those of us with PD to start Parkinson’s Disease Awareness Month than to raise our awareness of other diseases and health concerns. Take this opportunity to learn about challenges that others are facing; learn about prevention and health screening for other health ailments; and consider also supporting organizations that devote themselves to worthwhile causes…we’ve collected a list of other awareness months here: https://parkinson.fit/parkinsons-awareness-month-is-a-time-to-look-outward-not-inward/
    3. Please put aside any preconceived thoughts on guns…whether you are pro “gun rights” or pro “gun control”, David Smith’s Parkinson’s Disease “gun therapy” is one of the most intriguing and inspirational PD stories of recent weeks. Diagnosed with Parkinson’s 8 years ago, David found nothing that would help with his tremors. He had always enjoyed shooting at the gun range, and would shoot at least every other week, sometimes more frequently. He realized that the activity was calming for his tremors, so he decided to do it more frequently. Now, he is in the big leagues…a professional shooter who has been chosen to be on the US team at the IPSC Rifle World Championship in Sweden this fall: https://parkinson.fit/forums/topic/competitive-shooter-uses-gun-therapy-to-help-manage-parkinsons/
    4. Two college professors in Buffalo (New York) collaborated to create a wearable device called Electroskip that creates music in response to dance and movement. The anticipated applications for the device were in arts and entertainment. To help demonstrate the device for a TEDx Talk, they enlisted the help of a hip-hop dance crew from their university. One of the dancers was in the process of completing a PhD in Physical Therapy, and recognized that the device may be useful for gait training improvements in Parkinson’s Disease. The company is now pivoting Electroskip toward more of a medical direction, and are currently seeking FDA approval as a medical device that helps people with walking disabilities. https://parkinson.fit/forums/topic/electroskip-device-straps-to-shoe-and-uses-auditory-cues-to-improve-gait/
    5. Inflazome received a grant of more than $1 million from the Michael J. Fox Foundation to fund the development of an NLRP3-specific Positron Emission Tomography (PET) tracer that allows non-invasive imaging of inflammasome-driven brain inflammation. Inflazome focuses on developing ways of blocking inflammasome signaling to eliminate unwanted inflammation. The NLPR3 inflammasome is believed to drive chronic inflammation linked to many neurodegenerative diseases, including Parkinson’s Disease. The PET tracer is designed to determine what dosages are needed for clinical trials. More details:  https://www.biospace.com/article/inflazome-funding-from-the-michael-j-fox-foundation-underlines-foundation-involvement-in-research/
    6. A long-term research study in Sweden concluded that people who drink 40ml (1.3oz) or more of milk per day were about 30% more likely to develop Parkinson’s Disease. By contrast, yogurt or soured milk was not found to cause any increased or decreased risk of developing Parkinson’s. Parkinson’s News Today provides more detail: https://parkinsonsnewstoday.com/2019/03/27/milk-linked-increased-risk-parkinsons-disease/
    7. The environmental toxin beta-methylamino-L-alanine (BMAA) has long been suspected of playing a role in some cases of neurological disorders. Hints about the potential health threat of BMAA date back to the aftermath of World War II in the remote Pacific island of Guam. U.S. Army physicians encountered an outbreak of a strange syndrome that the native people called lytico-bodig—the term lytico signifying paralysis and bodig dementia. Some victims had ALS-like symptoms, others exhibited the rigid posture of Parkinson’s disease, and still others displayed the mental fogginess typical of Alzheimer’s. A 2011 article in Discover Magazine asked “Are Toxins in Seafood Causing ALS, Alzheimer’s, and Parkinson’s?” and pointed to concerns that BMAA was being produced by blue-green algae.
      Now, in an alarming new study that has implications for people living along the Florida coast, scientists have discovered that dolphins there appear to be suffering from a condition similar to Alzheimer’s disease caused by BMAA toxins from common algae. University of Miami researchers examined the brains of 14 dolphins, some of which had beached themselves. Half of the marine mammals were found stranded in areas with frequent harmful algal blooms: the Banana River, Indian River Lagoon, the Atlantic Ocean, and the Gulf of Mexico. Thirteen of the dolphins’ brains had excessive levels of BMAA.  The University of Miami research report was published in PLOS One. More details at https://parkinson.fit/forums/topic/algae-toxin-dolphin-alzheimers/
    8. Are you curious about dance programs for Parkinson’s Disease? WREG News Channel 3 in Memphis pays a visit to the Dance for PD class at Ballet Memphis: https://www.facebook.com/parkinsonfit/posts/2325431524405986https://www.facebook.com/parkinsonfit/posts/2325431524405986
    9. Existing music therapy for Parkinson’s Disease helps people, but to me, it seems more geared to my grandfather’s generation. Wired Magazine has an interesting video titled “How Does Music Affect Your Brain? Every Imaginable Way” https://www.wired.com/story/tech-effects-how-does-music-affect-your-brain/.
      Meanwhile, Tomas Matthews, a PhD candidate at Concordia University in Montreal, is researching how brain regions involved in the different aspects of musical groove interact: http://theconversation.com/groovy-findings-researching-how-and-why-music-moves-you-112959.
      We don’t want to overthink it, because we know a good tune when we hear it. But, we do think it’s time to rethink music therapy, and give it a rock and roll transfusion: https://parkinson.fit/forums/topic/rethinking-music-therapy-for-parkinsons-disease/

Previous Week – March 23, 2019